Corporate finance is the area of finance that deals with sources of funding, the capital structure of corporations, the actions that managers take to increase the value of the firm to the shareholders, and the tools and analysis used to allocate financial resources. The primary goal of corporate finance is to maximize or increase shareholder value. Corporate finance activities range from capital investment decisions to investment banking.

The terms corporate finance and corporate financier are also associated with investment banking. The typical role of an investment bank is to evaluate the company’s financial needs and raise the appropriate type of capital that best fits those needs. Thus, the terms “corporate finance” and “corporate financier” may be associated with transactions in which capital is raised in order to create, develop, grow or acquire businesses.

Corporate finance plays a vital role in every business. Irrespective of the size or type of business operations, every company seeks to streamline its corporate financing arm for optimum wealth distribution and return generation. The ultimate purpose of corporate finance is to maximize the value of a business through planning and implementation of resources, while balancing risk and profitability.

Corporate finance meaning thus, from our service package point of view, extends to an array of financing and investment decisions that encompass four primary aspects, viz:

1. Investments and Capital Budgeting

Investing and Capital Budgeting includes

Here plans are made in order to generate the highest risk-adjusted returns.

2. Capital Financing

This is the core part of corporate finance and it generally includes

3. Implementation/ Monitoring

4. Dividend and Return of Capital

This activity requires corporate managers to decide whether to retain a business’s excess earnings for future investments and operational requirements or to distribute the earnings to shareholders in the form of dividends or share buybacks.

Corporate finance refers to activities and transactions related to raising capital for the creation, development and acquisition of a business. It is directly related to company decisions which have financial or monetary impacts.

Dileep K Nair

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